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Tobacco Hurts Poorer Nations More

WASHINGTON (UPI) — Tobacco is responsible for nearly 6 million deaths worldwide annually and is the world’s top cause of preventable death, a U.S. journal says.

A supplement published in the journal Cancer Causes and Control featured 11 studies showing the disproportionate impact of tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, and tobacco-related cancer and disease among those those of lower socioeconomic position and, in some cases, by gender and race/ethnicity.

“Tobacco’s impact has reached epidemic proportions around the world,” Dr. Donna Vallone, senior vice president for research and evaluation at legacy and co-editor of the special supplement, said in a statement. “This special issue confirms what we have known in public health for many years: Tobacco is not an equal opportunity killer, it impacts the health and economies of poor nations.”

The World Health Organization said nearly 80 percent of the world’s 1 billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.

Studies conducted in Vietnam and China show how vulnerable populations — including women and children, racial/ethnic minorities and the poor — are disproportionately affected by secondhand smoke exposure, Vallone said.

In addition, data from Southeast Asia show a five-fold mortality increase from oral cancers among tobacco chewers compared to never chewers with a strong and inverse association with education.

“This is a critical opportunity for preventing the progression of tobacco use among women in many low- and middle-income countries particularly those in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia,” Vallone said. “The supplement allows us to take a look at where the burden lies, so that interventions can be tailored accordingly.”

 

UPI - United Press International, Inc.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide.

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