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The Bugout Kit

December 13, 2010 by  

The Bugout Kit

It’s not likely to be a terrorist attack or a sneak attack from the Communist Chinese that forces you from your home. It could be a weather event (hurricane) or other natural disaster (earthquake or fire) or even an accident from a chemical spill or natural gas leak.

Regardless, a bugout or emergency evacuation kit (EEK) is a critical component of any crisis scenario. But what should your EEK contain? Jack A. Spigarelli writes in his Crisis Preparedness Handbook that you can’t prepare for every possible scenario, so to prepare your EEK you must first consider what type of crisis is most likely to befall you.

“To function adequately, the EEK must fulfill some well-chosen criteria,” Spigarelli writes. “The first is to match the anticipated crises. Ideally we would like to be prepared for all possible crises, but that is seldom possible due to cost, space and weight limitations. The EEK should be prepared to handle the high-probability, high-risk crises.”

Spigarelli provides a list of 10 items that should be part of everyone’s EEK:

  1. Container: The container should be sturdy and large enough to hold everything you need. It helps if it is waterproof. A backpack is a good place to start, but a plastic bucket with a tight-fitting lid also works well. A plastic bucket can serve many purposes: hold items, carry and hold water, be used as a seat or a toilet. One container per person is recommended for personal items, with another container or two for the whole group.
  2. Water: Water is bulky and heavy. Each individual should have a 1- or 2-quart canteen, some purification tablets or other means of purification. A 2 ½ gallon collapsible bucket or jug with a spigot would be a great thing to have if you aren’t using buckets for your container. In the desert, a solar still would be handy. Store a 5-gallon container of water near the vehicle you’re likely to use.
  3. Food: It’s best to store foods that don’t need refrigeration and can be eaten without being cooked. Don’t worry about having your meals nutritionally balanced for the short term. Palatable calories are more important. You should have enough for three days for each person in the group. Store foods like canned meats (Vienna sausage, tuna, etc.), stew, jerky, pork and beans, peanut butter, cheese, soda and graham crackers, canned and dehydrated fruits, hot chocolate, powdered milk, fruit juices, chocolate bars, nuts, hard candy, soup, bouillon cubes, protein bars and sugar. If you have babies, be sure to include baby foods, formula and a supply of bottles with nipples. Each container should contain a spoon, fork and sharp knife. A plate and stainless steel camping cup would be ideal. And don’t forget a can opener and some detergent and pan in which to wash your dishes and utensils.
  4. Clothing and bedding: Have a change of warm, durable work or outdoor clothing suitable to the temperature you expect. Remember outer wear like a coat and rain gear. Extra socks and underwear are essential, as are work gloves, a good hat and well-fitting, previously-worn shoes or hiking boots. The lightest bedding should be one “emergency” blanket per person. More substantial bedding would include a sleeping bag or wool blanket.
  5. Shelter: To protect from exposure to elements a shelter can range from a plastic drop cloth to a “space” blanket to a nylon tarp or a tent.
  6. Sanitation: If your EEK uses plastic buckets, you are all set. Use one for a toilet and another for waste storage. Otherwise, get a portable camping toilet with plastic bags. Hand soap, facial tissue, packets of wet towelettes and feminine hygiene and shaving needs should be considered. Babies need extra disposable diapers, and don’t forget the toilet paper.
  7. First aid kit: A good first aid kit is essential. It should have an instruction book or pamphlet and plenty of large sterile bandages, pads, gauze and adhesive tape. If you need specialty medications for conditions like high blood pressure, asthma, etc., you should have a good supply at all times. Some moleskin, super glue or second skin is great to help repair blisters and other minor foot injuries.
  8. General: A radio that is solar powered or doesn’t require batteries is ideal. If the radio needs batteries, always have a fresh supply on hand. Other items to consider are nylon rope, parachute cord or climbing rope (which can be used to help build a shelter and many other things), a Swiss army or survival knife, a cable saw, insect repellent, duct or electrical tape, folding shovel with serrated edge and maps of expected evacuation routes. A compass or global positioning system (GPS) is a necessity. Also, a pocket survival kit that includes fishing gear, razor blades, snare wire and water proof matches is good to have.
  9. Light-heat-cooking: A flashlight is a must. Some can generate electricity by squeezing a lever or turning a crank and therefore not beholden to battery power. Otherwise, store fresh batteries and check them often. Other sources of light are survival candles, signal flares and cyalume light sticks. A fire-starter kit (there are several types to choose from) can help you when it’s time to build a fire for warmth and a hot meal, and a small backpacking stove and fuel can be easily stored and carried.
  10. Personal: Things like a toothbrush, toothpaste, comb, brush, mirror and personal toiletry items can add comfort to a bad situation. Paper and pens are useful, as is a small amount of cash and change. If you feel the need to take important documents with you, a military ammo can is ideal. They are made from a heavy-duty metal and are watertight when sealed.

Spigarelli writes that you may also want to carry a weapon for protection and to help bring down small game to augment meals. He recommends a .22 survival rifle, a small pistol and possible a larger rifle for larger game.

Bob Livingston

is an ultra-conservative American and author of The Bob Livingston Letter™, founded in 1969. Bob has devoted much of his life to research and the quest for truth on a variety of subjects. Bob specializes in health issues such as nutritional supplements and alternatives to drugs, as well as issues of privacy (both personal and financial), asset protection and the preservation of freedom.

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  • Vigilant

    Don’t forget potassium iodide tablets.

  • twizzler2001

    My idea of a survival rifle is at least an M4 in .223. While cash is obvious what might not be so obvious is a small supply of precious metals either in small bullion or coins. You never know what you will have to spend.

    you may want to test your bug out kit to see if it easily carried. A good choice is a small military backpack designed for Recon units. Up from that is the full sized military backpack although much heavier when loaded. Costs: about $60-120 depending on where you buy and size.

    • Average Joe

      My idea of a survival rifle is at least an M4 in .223.

      If you haven’t looked into it…try a .17 HMR. relatively inexpensive as is the ammo (compared to the M4 and .223)…..it is more accurate and damaging than a .22…works well for both hunting and personal protection. Myself and a few friends use these to hunt wild boars here in Florida….and they are quite effective….usually a one shot kill.

  • http://none daniel jacobson

    it wont be a natural dissaster it will be a false flag terror attack and martial law..BOB

    • Granny Mae

      daniel jacobson,

      I know I’m not too bright so will you please explain to me what a false flag terror attack is ? Thanks, granny

      • Vigilant

        Granny,

        “False flag” attacks are the darling of conspiracy theorists. They claim, for example, that GWB either knew about or was complicit in the 9/11 attacks, but blamed it on Muslim extremists.

        Bunch of hooey, if you ask me.

        • Granny Mae

          OMgsh, That is a bunch of hooey! Thanks Vigilant !

        • http://thenorthernsurvivalist.com TheNorthernSurvivalist

          False flag originally means, to display a flag not of your country. False flags: Gulf of Tonkin, 9/11, Oklahoma City, Underwear Bomber, Shoe Bomber,Gleiwitz incident, Reichstag building was set on fire,…
          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_flag

          http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrXgLhkv21Y

          • Granny Mae

            Hmmmmmmmmmmm !

            Very interresting !

        • DaveH

          Most wars we have entered were justified by false events or information. Politicians need to lie to get their way. We would have been involved in very few conflicts if politicians were totally honest.
          With the civil war, it was the abolitian of slavery that was used as an excuse. Yet, at least 3 of the states that fought on the side of the North were Slave States.
          With World War I it was the sinking of the Lusitania which was said not to be carrying contraband. Decades later it was revealed that it really was carrying contraband.
          With Vietnam it was the Tonkin Gulf incident which was greatly blown out of proportion.
          With Iraq it was the supposed Weapons of Mass Destruction which were never found. And even if they were, why doesn’t the rest of the world use that as an excuse to attack the US, the only country to ever actually use atomic weapons?
          Politicians lie, Vigilant. You know that.

  • EltonJ

    “It’s not likely to be a terrorist attack or a sneak attack from the Communist Chinese that forces you from your home.” The most ironic statement of the year. George Washington had a dream in which the Communist Chinese did invade America.

    • Richard

      To bad you didn’t quote where that dream was listed. Of course dreams are not visions and have many sources but this is one I had never heard before.

    • DaveH

      Surely you are joking, Elton? There was no such thing as a Communist in George Washington’s day. Karl Marx was born (1818) 20 years after George was dead (1799), and didn’t write the Communist Manifesto until 1848. The word Communism was claimed to have originated in 1840.

  • JC

    Plan for all emergencies. I don’t buy into the assertation that you can not.
    Whether the threat is natural or man made you might want to plan for living “off the grid”. Best case scenario, you get out of the city and join up with a prearranged group as there is safety in numbers.
    If you do not have that option, you will have to develop a fortress mentality in your home and stock up for at least 90 days of self sufficiency.
    Practice getting your family together from wherever they might be
    if communication and roadways are shut down.
    This includes appropriate clothing, coats footwear etc and non cellular walkie talkies.
    Carry a gun and have more available.

  • Kate8

    While an a attack by a foreign force becomes more likely as time passes, I agree that other disasters could be more imminent. In fact, it seems that they are being planned.

    Here is a sobering article on what powerful elements have in store for us:

    http://www.newswithviews.com/Hodges/dave105.htm

    • Dan az

      Kate Im still waiting for a reply!!!!!!!!

      • Kate8

        Dan az – To what? What did I miss?

      • Kate8

        Dan az – It’s a mystery!

        • Dan az

          Kate
          finally!!!! you ask me if I was by chance a coastie remember?I wanted to know how you could have figured that out.It has been on my mind for the last couple of days you pegged it so how did you ever figure that out?

          • Dan az

            Kate your killing me here!!!I need to know and its cold up here!

          • Kate8

            Dan az – Like I said. It’s a mystery!

            I am the GreatKate8. I know things. Wooooooooooooo.

          • Dan az

            Out of the blue?Didnt you say you lived in calif.which part northern or southern?You witch you!

          • Kate8

            Dan az – North-eastern.

            Seriously. How do you think I knew?

          • Dan az

            kate
            Thats what I was trying to find out.I lived in calif. for better than 40 yrs north and south I thought maybe you knew me and was guessing.I never mentioned what service I was in and out of the blue you ask me with the most unconventional one first that blew me away.now I now your a witch. lol!I know I only mentioned that I was in nam and was a brown water guy and that I did get agent orange and hurt over there and spent a year in the hospital but I just couldnt for the life of me figure how you could come to that conclusion.Your Good!!!thanks now I can get some sleep.
            semper paratis

          • Granny Mae

            Kate8 and Dan,

            I have some news to share that sure has me worried, just a little. As I have said we live way out in the country and there is not too much traffic here with the police , however Monday there was a Sherrif sitting at the end of my driveway. When my son drove by he got stopped! There was no appearant reason for the stopping but he was asked to prove that he live in the house behind us and that we were his parents ! At the time it was discovered that his drivers license had expired so he was told to get it renewed. We didn’t think too much about it because these things happen sometimes and he was glad that it was brought to his attention. When he went down to get it renewed he was told he would have to provide his birthcertificate and it would have to have a raised seal on it. Well over the years, (46 to be exact ) he has lost his birthcertificate and only had a copy of it!! So now we had to go online to get it so I did that and was shocked to find the cost of doing so. $36.00 ! then there was a $8.00 processing fee and a $19.75 shipping for a grand total of $64.25 !!! Now that I’m in complete shock let me tell you about the real kicker ! I had to prove that I was his mother so I needed to answer some questions that only I would know the answers too ! I’m thinking my maiden name and parents name etc. OH NO ! Which of these five addresses was the address I have lived at? Which of these amounts listed is the amount that I paid for the property I now live at? and I could go on ! How is it that they have all this information stored about me from way back in my life and who has access to it and for what purpose? There was several of these questions and it was mind boggeling! My husband has his original birth certificate and took it down to see if it was acceptable and was told no because it does not have a raised stamp seal on it. Now he has to get his birth certificate too and he too will have to pay $60.00 ! It is cheaper than a trip all the way to Michigan but I’m wondering what kind of questions he will be asked ? Now why is it that we can be asked all these questions but you can’t ask a Mexican any questions at all ? Something is up and I’m not sure what it is ! We will see !

          • DaveH

            It’s called “police state” Granny. And I am surprised that that surprises so many people. It has been slowly growing since I was a child, and most people have just refused to take off the blinders and recognize it. It is unrealistic to expect that the vicious guard dog we buy to protect our family won’t someday turn on the family it was intended to protect.
            I’m talking about things like the Drug laws, in which case the people have averted their eyes to blatant disregard for peoples’ Constitutional rights in a vain effort to rid society of people who are inclined to do foolish things to their own bodies. Then as the police powers grow as a result, we are “surprised” when they turn on the ordinary honest citizen. This is the nature of Big Government.

        • Granny Mae

          Great Kate8,

          You are also a NUT !LOL ! Kate that sight you posted is one of the most scary I have read in a long time and way to close to me! Wow ! These people are so sick and we must have them worried our not agreeing with their disgusting ideas for this country ! HUH?

          • Granny Mae

            Dan AZ,

            Hey it is cold down here in Florida too! The weatherman said last night that it was warmer in Main yesterday than it was in Miami ! Go figure ! Didn’t get up past 40 degrees here today and it was 23 degrees this morning at 6:30. Pappa says it will be in the teens tomorrow morning ! Good weather for the fruit trees in my area but not for old ladies tring to keep fingers from hurting all day ! LOL !
            Stay warm my friend !

          • Granny Mae

            By the way the fruit trees I’m talking about are peach and plum and apple not ORANGE ! Bad news for the Orange growers !

          • Dan az

            Hey Granny
            I know what you mean trying to type with stumps is pretty hard.I cant believe that it gets that cold down there, so much for global warming!

          • Granny Mae

            Dan ,

            Last night it was said on the weather program that it wa 48 degrees in Caribou Main and 35 in Miami ! That was the second time this week ! Yeh, so much for Al Gores global warming !!!

          • http://?? Joe H.

            Granny Mae,
            When it’s 50 degrees in Key West, the southernmost point of the US, it’s cold!!!

          • Granny Mae

            Yes it is !!!BRRRRRRR! I don’t know for sure but I don’t think they have furnaces down there ! It’s got to be ruff !

  • Jeff

    If there isn’t room left inside the bag, attach a personal water filter on the outside…something like a Katadyn. My idea of a survival rifle is a .22 cal rifle. The weapon itself as well as the ammo is light weight and easy to operate. I’d advise having two bags;one for hiking around and the other for main storage. Another idea that does have merit is to pre-position supplies in plastic containers along a likely escape or travel route. If the crisis situation evolves beyond 72 hours, having spare supplies WILL come in handy.

    • http://?? Joe H.

      Jeff,
      saw something the other day on a site I’m gonna check out. I have a 9MM now and a .22. I saw a rifle that was bored for 9MM> I remember the west they always tried to have a handgun and a rifle chambered to the same caliber as it saved having to carry two ammos and it saved many a life. I have about half a case of 9MM now so if it would save me some space…..

  • Rick

    Many of the articles and TV shows I’ve seen, mention for the 72+hour crisis, say packing grains,beans,etc. Try out your recipe ahead of time. You may need salt,pepper,soy sauce,etc. Mac&cheese may need milk,that may be unavailable.Can you use canned or powdered?
    Consider light weight rain gear. It can help stay dry, but block out a cold wind also.
    Try out everything from making a shelter,cooking,first aid kit,etc. You may find things you need or don’t need.
    Don’t forget the toilet paper!

  • http://www.TomBlairEA.com Thomas Avery Blair EA

    Three out of three human beings eventually die…those are not very good odds. It is impossible to be prepared for each and every possible catastrophe, so my “bug out” kit includes freeze-dried foodstuffs, a first-aid kit, water purification tablets, ammunition for my self defense weapons and a few pounds of “survival silver” (pre-1965 US 90% precious metal content dimes, quarters, halves and dollars) for barter and carry-value purposes. The latter solves at least in part whatever one might be short of in a local, regional, national or world-wide catastrophe of any kind I can think of, up to and including a collapse of the world banking systems and a few millions of angry and starving individuals.

    If you think you have a choice…think again…99% of the people won’t believe anything can happen until after it happens…so just be one of the remaining 1% and you have done reasonably well.

    At least food for thought, is it not?

    Respectfully submitted,

    Thomas Avery Blair, EA

    • 45caliber

      I agree. And having the pack and weapons may not keep you alive either – but it will certainly give you a lot better chance than having nothing.

  • E

    A couple things I was not surprised you did not include because most people don’t think of them I had to suggest you add.
    First the whole plastic bucket sanitation porta potty thing? Ridiculous. Bring a darn shovel and wrap your plastic bags around at least 3 rolls of toilet paper. Seriously I’ve been camping for years and never been so frivolous to bring a porta potty or do anything more than dig a nice foot deep hole away from water and fill it up. I have run out of toilet paper though, and you don’t want to believe me.
    Second, waterproof matches? No, bring about a dozen bic electronic lighters. Each one could start about ten thousand fires, and if you get them wet you just have to wait for them to dry almost all the way out and they will work again. The electronic ones will often work even when they are wet. Try doing that with a match, or throwing 120,000 matches in your pocket.
    Last, skip the toothpaste, unless you will have running water where you are (like a hotel), you just need the brush. Matter of fact, you just need a knife to cut an elm twig about the size of your little finger to clean your teeth with a chew stick.
    Watch Survivorman sometime. You will figure out fast what you really need. Toilet paper, lighter, shovel, knife. That’s about it. Of course a crank radio and some food would be pretty cool to have too.

    • 45caliber

      There is a better thing that butane lighters. An old flint and steel lighter like a Zippo works better. It does require fuel but you can get a small can of lighter fluid to go with it. The nice thing is that you can use almost any burnable fluid in them including gasoline and alcohol. Butane lighters will work a long time but will eventually run out. There are pros and cons both ways but I’ll take the Zippo any day. Supposedly using anything other than lighter fluid is unsafe but any soldier can tell you that they very seldom see anything unsafe in using other fluids.

      • http://?? Joe H.

        45caliber,
        you can also buy a welders striker and flints for about five dollars. In a pinch it will start a fire like a flint survival striker. Also, that shovel mentioned above should be replaced by an entrenching tool!! Folds and is compact! Lite as well!

        • DaveH

          I like the flint lighters that consist of a bar of magnesium with an incorporated flint.
          Those camping strikers are also easy to use and effective (similar in operation to your welding striker).
          A small magnifying glass is good for starting fires on a sunny day.
          A fine stool wool pad with a nine-volt battery is an effective fire-starter.

          • DaveH

            Steel Wool, that is.

    • 45caliber

      Incidently you are VERY right about the toilet paper! We used leaves (when they were still green) when camping out as a kid but I don’t advise it. Particularly after seeing the affects when someone got a handful of poison ivy leaves.

      • http://?? Joe H.

        45caliber,
        Did you have to bring that up?? I’m very highly allergic to poison Ivy!!! Don’t ever make the mistake of burning it!!! Breath in the smoke and you can have real bad problems!!

  • 45caliber

    It is correct to say that any emergency pack is far more likely to be used for hurricanes, etc. than for an enemy attack.

    One reason I keep guns for such an emergency is that guns are ready cash. They are one of the few things that keep going up in price. Most of my guns can be sold easily for more than twice what I paid for them. And the sideline is that they can also offer protection when needed.

    But it is a good idea to keep at least the supplies for an emergency pack on hand and readily accessable even if you don’t place them in the pack months ahead of time. In fact, much of your supply such as food and batteries cannot be packed too much in advance or they will go bad. Incidently there is both a radio and a flashlight that can be wound or shaken to charge. The watch I’m wearing is the same thing. You might want to look into them. They may not be as powerful as ones run by electricity or batteries but they will continue to work when the rest can’t.

    • DaveH

      Having some knowledgeable companions nearby (like yourself) is also a great asset in an emergency situation.

  • 45caliber

    Incidently, I saw an article where Pelousy has slipped through the food bill. She took the bill itself, copied everything in it to another bill, and then copied a long dead bill’s info to the one the Senate passed. That way the bill (number) is now dead and the items she wanted passed are attached to a bill they expect to pass. And we, the people, aren’t knowledgeable enough to know it was done until it is too late. And that one makes it illegal to stockpile food at home. The government simply doesn’t want to take a chance that the wrong people survive.

    • Richard

      You can’t believe everything you read. One religion with several million adherents, some in every state, has it as part of their religion that a good member who can afford it has at least a years food supply on hand at all time. That would be the state dictating in church matters.

    • DaveH

      Here’s more on that, 45.
      http://www.healthfreedomusa.org/?p=7774

  • Rennie

    Rifle might be nice but things that make noise could be a liability, I would opt for a bow, and traps for small animals if you can stash them. Somewhere like a sand bank or gravel bar that would allow easy and unoticed digging for latrine use would be a nice perk in the right location. Iodine purification tablets, while awful tasting, can double for radiation protection. Right now study up on cold war era suggestions for sheltering, especially earth and crude timber and tarp shelters. Look for high ground, reasonable to water, sheltered from the prevailing wind and out of view. I believe in most types of crisis, not seen, heard or noticed is a good idea. If you own some recreational or agricultural land somewhere, put in some kind of root cellar you can block the entrance with a stone pile or something for long periods of time, which can hold the basic staples and tools, etc. and provide you and loved ones at least temporary shelter.

    • http://gunner689 gunner689

      Bows are great but don’t forget slingshots. A good sling shot with lead shot or steel ball bearings can be a great meat getter or weapon. Rocks are plentiful and free, lost or broken arrows are expensive. Guns should be saved as a last resort unless you have plenty of ammo. learn to be profficient in the use of all. practice, practice, practice.

      • DaveH

        I like the slingshot idea, gunner.

  • JimH

    I case the batteries in the GPS go out, a god old paper map may come in handy.

  • mira

    Where I can get military ammo can?
    Thank you.
    Mira

    • http://gunner689 gunner689

      Cabelas, ect. carry plastic ones. lighter and they don’t rust like the steel ones.

    • http://?? Joe H.

      mira,
      look up the sportsman guide. While plastic ones won’t rust, they do break and get brittle in the cold!

    • Jeff

      Go to Google and type in ammo can or your local military surplus store. Almost every city has one of these stores or go to cheaperthandirt.com.

  • DurangoKid

    For those that think it can’t happen to ‘civilized’ countries, take a look at Greece, France, England and next Portugal or Spain. Once the Eurpoean Union falls, the U.S. is next. Obambi is setting up for an economic, social and political collapse that causes the violence we see in Europe, then he will declare martial law. Then the 99% are screwed. To the other 1%, lets all meet in Texas where they don’t take any crap from Nazi Piglosi, Heir Reid, or Obambi.

    • JC

      That scenario leads us right back to the FEMA Camps.

  • http://earthlink Geo M Gardner

    WOW where did you guys come from, keep up the good word

  • Jeff

    I would encourage all of you to look into the Oathkeepers organization. It isn’t for everyone, but some may find it interesting.

    • Jeep

      Jeff, I think that there are many former public servants and soldiers that are hesitant to formally put their name on a list…but, are still honor bound and will stand up when the time is right (btw…that scares the knickers off some! He, he)

  • http://www.marmarasport.com yüzme kursu

    i war not user to comment you this article.. but i want to say that.. we want see your new articles on this blog.. see you..

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