The atomic age began on July 16, 1945, when scientists near Alamogordo, N.M., detonated the world’s first atomic bomb. One of the most massive (and most secret) programs of World War II had borne deadly fruit.
President Harry S Truman was attending a summit conference in Potsdam, East Germany at the time. He was sent a coded telegram that, when deciphered read: “Baby boy born Sunday. Eyes bright. Can hear him (from 50 miles) and see him (200 miles away).”
A few weeks later Truman made the deadly decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Japan immediately offered its unconditional surrender, thus ending World War II. The Cold War began soon after, with such absurdities as American schoolchildren being taught to cower under their desks in the event of nuclear war with Russia.