Personal Liberty Digest™ will be upgraded this weekend to reflect a dynamic new look and mobile-friendly viewing to enhance your experience! Plus, we'll be providing even more of the compelling content you've come to expect, delivered in a whole new way!

  Comments Subscribe to Personal Liberty News Feed Subscribe to Personal Liberty
 

Teens Develop Self-Esteem Differently By Social Class

MONTREAL (UPI) —  Upper-middle-class children develop self-esteem by social skill, while lower-middle-class children develop self-esteem by being smart, Canadian researchers say.

William Bukowski, a professor of psychology at Concordia University in Montreal, and colleagues analyzed responses from children in Montreal and in Barranquilla, a city on the Caribbean coast of northern Colombia.

The researchers studied the responses of 864 early adolescents age 9-11, 317 from Montreal and 547 from Barranquilla. The numbers of boys and girls, and the socioeconomic classes they represented — upper-middle and lower-middle — were roughly equal.

Overall, the study, published in the Journal of Research on Adolescence, found no differences between the participants from the two cities, which they said was somewhat of a surprise.

However, there were differences among classes.

“Children from upper-middle-class families were likely to consider social skills as the most important factor when evaluating themselves,” Bukowski said in a statement. “If they felt they were popular or likeable, they were more likely to have high self-esteem. While they did consider their athletic and intellectual abilities, they seem to have understood that social skills are crucial for success among individuals of their class.”

On the other hand, children from lower-middle-class families focused on evidence of their cognitive competence when assessing themselves to determine their self-worth. If they believed they were smart and successful at school, they were more likely to have healthy self-esteem, the study said.

UPI - United Press International, Inc.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide.

Facebook Conversations

Join the Discussion:
View Comments to “Teens Develop Self-Esteem Differently By Social Class”

Comment Policy: We encourage an open discussion with a wide range of viewpoints, even extreme ones, but we will not tolerate racism, profanity or slanderous comments toward the author(s) or comment participants. Make your case passionately, but civilly. Please don't stoop to name calling. We use filters for spam protection. If your comment does not appear, it is likely because it violates the above policy or contains links or language typical of spam. We reserve the right to remove comments at our discretion.

Is there news related to personal liberty happening in your area? Contact us at newstips@personalliberty.com

Bottom
close[X]

Sign Up For Personal Liberty Digest™!

PL Badge

Welcome to PersonalLiberty.com,
America's #1 Source for Libertarian News!

To join our group of freedom-loving individuals and to get alerts as well as late-breaking conservative news from Personal Liberty Digest™...

Privacy PolicyYou can opt out at any time. We protect your information like a mother hen. We will not sell or rent your email address to anyone for any reason.