Supreme Court Strikes Down Arizona Voter Law That Required Proof Of Citizenship
June 17, 2013 by Ben Bullard
Proposition 200, Arizonaâ€™s 2004 law making it mandatory for would-be voters to provide proof of their citizenship, died before the U.S. Supreme Court today.
The Court ruled that Arizona does not command the jurisdiction to set requirements for voting in Federal elections. That jurisdiction, according to a 7-2 majority opinion, belongs to the Feds, as set forth in the National Voter Registration Act of 1993.
That law does require that voters provide a valid form of identification at their polling place, but it doesnâ€™t require a proof of citizenship. The Arizona law had ordered the Stateâ€™s poll workers to turn away anyone who didnâ€™t accompany a valid ID with a recognized document proving their citizenship.
Arizona v. Tribal Council of Arizona, the lawsuit that landed the case before the Supreme Court, was originally brought against the State by a number of American Indian tribes with help from the American Civil Liberties UnionÂ (ACLU), all of whom argued that Proposition 200â€™s additional documentation requirements discriminated against citizens whose ancestry made it disproportionately difficult and expensive to obtain documentation, such as birth certificates, that demonstrate citizenship.
The Courtâ€™s majority opinion also affirmed the groupsâ€™ argument that Congress, and not the States, holds the authority for regulating Federal elections.
Justices Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas cast the two dissenting votes. Alito argued in his minority opinion that the Constitution tasks the States â€“ and not Congress â€“ with the authority to establish qualifications for voters, as well as to regulate Federal voter registration.