Recent research may offer new hope for those who find it difficult to drastically cut down on cookies and bread – it suggests that even a moderate change in carbohydrate intake can make a significant difference.
The study was conducted at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and measured the weight of participants who derived a standard amount of calories from carbohydrates versus those whose meal had a moderate reduction in calories from that source.
The results indicated the group which slightly reduced their carb intake experienced smaller fluctuations in glucose levels and stayed full for a longer period of time.
Dr. Barbara Gower, professor in the Department of Nutrition Sciences, says those following the moderate carbohydrate diet had a smaller increase in insulin and thus a more stable glucose level.
She adds that "this may help with weight loss because people may be less likely to overeat due to hunger pangs."
Scientists say simple carbohydrates – found in products such as soft drinks, processed foods or white bread – cause a spike in insulin levels, which lowers glucose levels and sends hunger signals to the brain.
The study results were presented at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in Washington, DC.