Two separate studies have linked Mediterranean diet to a lower risk of heart disease in women and prostate cancer in men.
Researchers from Simmons College in Boston found that women whose diets most closely resembled the Mediterranean diet were 29 percent less likely to suffer from heart disease, and 13 percent less likely to have a stroke compared with those whose diets least resembled it.
This type of diet is includes monounsaturated fats, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and moderate consumption of alcohol while limiting red meat, refined grains, and sweets intake.
The study was published this week in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Meanwhile, according to two doctors writing for UroToday.com, a urology news website, a type of Mediterranean diet called the Cretan diet may be helpful in reducing prostate cancer risk.
This type of diet is based on plant foods – fruits, vegetables, wholegrain cereals, nuts and legumes – olive oil as the main source of fat, low consumption of red meat, moderate intake of dairy foods, high intake of fish and moderate use of wine.
According to CDC, heart disease is the leading cause of death in both women and men in the United States. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and the second leading cause of death in that group.