According to researchers, moderate exercise can be a great health resource in that it may help boost and maintain bone strength and prevent falls and fractures in older people.
To arrive at this conclusion, Cochrane researchers conducted a systematic review of available data from 111 trials that included 55,303 older people. They found that in that group the individuals who were more physically active had on average greater strength, flexibility, balance and endurance than their peers who were not.
According to lead researcher Lesley Gillespie from Dunedin School of Medicine at the University of Otago in New Zealand, exercise regimes such as supervised group workout, tai chi or individually prescribed exercise programs at home have shown the highest benefits.
The analysis suggested furthermore that falls, with the accompanying risk of serious fractures, were reduced in those who gradually ceased to use certain types of sleep medications, worked to reduce anxiety and depression and had cataract surgery on the first affected eye earlier than originally planned.
Of course, nutritional supplements containing calcium and vitamin D may also be an option for those who would like to boost their bone health.