Republicans not only gained control of the House of Representatives on election day, but they also regained the majority of governorships in the United States.
Projections indicate that the GOP will capture 10 governorships in states where the previous leaders were Democrats. Those states are Kansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio and Iowa. Susan Martinez (R-N.M.), Nikki Haley (R-S.C.) and Mary Fallin (R-Okla.) became the first women governors to be elected in their respective states.
Martinez is the first female Hispanic candidate to be elected governor in the U.S.
"You were the ones telling me how desperately we needed to move New Mexico in a new direction," Martinez said, quoted by CNN. "At the end of the day, New Mexico chose a new direction."
Aside from being their state's top ranking executive, governors also help redraw congressional districts based on population changes determined by the census. This process, called gerrymandering, can play a key role in determining electoral votes for a particular party.
Michael McDonald, a professor at George Mason University and a redistricting expert, told USA Today that Republican wins in Michigan, Pennsylvania and Texas put the GOP is a good position to redraw the map in their favor over the next decade.
Democrats captured a big victory in the state with the biggest electoral clout as Jerry Brown defeated Republican Meg Whitman in California. Whitman, the CEO of eBay, spent more than $140 million of her own money on the campaign, which helped make the California gubernatorial race the most expensive non-presidential race in American history.