Comments Subscribe to Personal Liberty News Feed Subscribe to Personal Liberty

Poor Top Wealthy In Detecting Suffering

BERKELEY, Calif., Dec. 21 (UPI) — Ebenezer Scrooge’s lack of compassion in Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol” is a common trait among those in the upper classes, U.S. researchers say.

Lead author Jennifer Stellar, a social psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, found people in the lower socioeconomic classes are more physiologically attuned to suffering, and quicker to express compassion, than the more affluent.

The study, published in the journal Emotion, found individuals in the upper middle and upper classes were less able to detect and respond to the distress signals of others.

“It’s not that the upper classes are coldhearted,” Stellar said in a statement. “They may just not be as adept at recognizing the cues and signals of suffering because they haven’t had to deal with as many obstacles in their lives.”

Stellar said the findings challenge previous studies that have characterized lower-class people as being more prone to anxiety and hostility in adversity.

“These latest results indicate that there’s a culture of compassion and cooperation among lower-class individuals that may be born out of threats to their wellbeing,” Stellar said.

In one experiment, 64 participants viewed two videos — one on construction and the other an emotionally charged story about families coping with a child with cancer. Participants showed no differences watching the “neutral” instructional video, but all reported feeling sad watching the cancer video.

However, members of the lower class reported higher levels of compassion and empathy, as distinct from sorrow, and showed greater decreases in heart rate than upper-class participants as they watched the cancer family video.

“One might assume that watching someone suffering would cause stress and raise the heart rate,” Stellar said. “But we have found that, during compassion, the heart rate lowers as if the body is calming itself to take care of another person.”

UPI - United Press International, Inc.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide.

Facebook Conversations

Join the Discussion:
View Comments to “Poor Top Wealthy In Detecting Suffering”

Comment Policy: We encourage an open discussion with a wide range of viewpoints, even extreme ones, but we will not tolerate racism, profanity or slanderous comments toward the author(s) or comment participants. Make your case passionately, but civilly. Please don't stoop to name calling. We use filters for spam protection. If your comment does not appear, it is likely because it violates the above policy or contains links or language typical of spam. We reserve the right to remove comments at our discretion.

Is there news related to personal liberty happening in your area? Contact us at

  • s c

    Jennifer Steller, your chonies are down and your politics are showing. For starters, if you have any plans for being objective, it’s not right to use a social justice author to try and support a utopian
    “study” that will do nothing but tear people apart via a class warfare methodology.
    Pull up you chonies and move to Mexico, Jennifer. You’ve been living among the clouds for too long. Get some oxygen, and remember that while it’s not nice to stick one’s wealth in the faces of those who want to better themselves (if that’s really the case), BUT it’s not very bright on the part of so-called academic types to portray the poor as the immediate targets of the rich. We have a loser in the W H who specializes in that mule muffin behavior.
    Jennifer, did you ever get hired by someone who’s poor? Methinks you bought your conscience at the Berkeley student book store.


Sign Up For Personal Liberty Digest™!

PL Badge

Welcome to,
America's #1 Source for Libertarian News!

To join our group of freedom-loving individuals and to get alerts as well as late-breaking conservative news from Personal Liberty Digest™...

Privacy PolicyYou can opt out at any time. We protect your information like a mother hen. We will not sell or rent your email address to anyone for any reason.