Individuals who suffer from diabetes may want to consider adding nutritional supplements to their diet as researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids could reduce inflammation and insulin resistance.
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego used mice to conduct their research and looked at cell molecules which respond to fatty acids. By focusing on a G-protein receptor (GPR120), the researchers discovered that GPR120 is only found in mature fat cells located on pro-inflammatory macrophages — white blood cells in the immune system.
When GPR120 is not working, inflammation can occur. However, when this protein is exposed to omega-3 fatty acids it activates, creating a strong anti-inflammatory response.
Jerold Olefsky, one of the researchers involved with the study, said that the findings could mean there is a "possible way to [treat] the serious problems of inflammation in obesity and in conditions like diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease through simple dietary supplementation."
The American Diabetes Association reports that more than 23 million adults in the U.S. suffer from diabetes. Nutritional supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids, may allow these individuals to lead a healthier lifestyle.