Comments Subscribe to Personal Liberty News Feed Subscribe to Personal Liberty

Narcissism Health Cost Higher Among Men

ANN ARBOR, Mich., Jan. 26 (UPI) — Narcissism, which is more prevalent among men than women, might have an especially negative effect on the health of men, U.S. researchers said.

Sara Konrath, a University of Michigan psychologist; David Reinhard of the University of Virginia; and William Lopez and Heather Cameron of the University of Michigan said their earlier research found the level of narcissism — an inflated sense of self-importance, overestimation of uniqueness and a sense of grandiosity — is rising in American culture.

The researchers examined the role of narcissism and sex on the stress hormone cortisol in a sample of 106 undergraduate students. Cortisol, measured through saliva samples, is a widely used marker of physiological stress.

To assess participants’ narcissism, the researchers administered a 40-item narcissism questionnaire that measures five different components of the personality trait. Two of the components are more maladaptive, or unhealthy — exploitativeness and entitlement. The other three are more adaptive, or healthy — leadership/authority, superiority/arrogance, and self-absorption/self-admiration.

The study, published in the journal PLoS ONE, found the most toxic aspects of narcissism were indeed associated with higher cortisol in male participants, but not in females. In fact, unhealthy narcissism was more than twice as large a predictor of cortisol in males as in females.

The study found there was no relationship between healthy narcissism and cortisol in either males or females.

UPI - United Press International, Inc.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide.

Facebook Conversations

Join the Discussion:
View Comments to “Narcissism Health Cost Higher Among Men”

Comment Policy: We encourage an open discussion with a wide range of viewpoints, even extreme ones, but we will not tolerate racism, profanity or slanderous comments toward the author(s) or comment participants. Make your case passionately, but civilly. Please don't stoop to name calling. We use filters for spam protection. If your comment does not appear, it is likely because it violates the above policy or contains links or language typical of spam. We reserve the right to remove comments at our discretion.

Is there news related to personal liberty happening in your area? Contact us at


Sign Up For Personal Liberty Digest™!

PL Badge

Welcome to,
America's #1 Source for Libertarian News!

To join our group of freedom-loving individuals and to get alerts as well as late-breaking conservative news from Personal Liberty Digest™...

Privacy PolicyYou can opt out at any time. We protect your information like a mother hen. We will not sell or rent your email address to anyone for any reason.