New research conducted at Tufts University in Massachusetts indicates that individuals who consume greater amounts of whole grain foods may reduce their risk for developing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes.
Visceral fat is found in abdominal organs and subcutaneous fat is located beneath the skin. The scientists noted that previous research indicated that visceral fat has been linked to metabolic syndrome, hypertension, insulin resistance and unhealthy cholesterol levels.
In their new findings, the researchers discovered that among 2,834 participants, visceral fat was about 10 percent lower in those who had reported eating at least three or more servings of whole grains per day. However, visceral fat volume was only reduced when these individuals also cut back on their refined grain intake.
Nicola McKeown, lead author of the study, said that as a result people should implement healthy substitutions in their diet. For individuals who would like to consume more whole grain foods, this could be as simple as cooking with brown rice or choosing whole grain bread instead of white to make a sandwich.