European researchers have discovered that consuming a variety of fruits and vegetables could significantly reduce a person’s risk of developing lung cancer, according to a recent article published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.
Although previous studies have indicated that the right amount of fruits and vegetables can help to prevent lung cancer, the new research delves into how a wide variety of these foods can also make a difference. Maria Jose Sanchez Perez, co-author of the investigation, said that this is especially important for smokers.
Sub-groups relate to different categories of fruits and vegetables. For example, MyPyramid.gov indicates that dark greens like broccoli or watercress are considered a vegetable sub-group. Meanwhile, apples and berries are considered as different categories of fruit.
According to the results of the research, individuals who eat more than eight sub-groups of vegetables could reduce their lung cancer risk by 23 percent, compared to those who eat less than four of these sub-groups. The risk of this disease is decreased by 4 percent each time another sub-group is added.
More than 196,000 Americans will be newly diagnosed with lung cancer in a given year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.