Early Morning Smokers At Higher Risk

0 Shares

HERSHEY, Pa., Aug. 8 (UPI) — People who often smoke their first cigarette of the day shortly after waking may increase their risk of lung, head and neck cancers, U.S. researchers say.

Joshua Muscat of the Pennsylvania State College of Medicine in Hershey, and colleagues conducted a lung cancer analysis that included 4,775 lung cancer cases and 2,835 controls, all were regular cigarette smokers.

The study, published online ahead of print in the journal Cancer, finds that, compared with those who smoked more than 60 minutes after waking, people who smoked 31 to 60 minutes after waking were 1.31 times as likely to develop lung cancer, and those who smoked within 30 minutes were 1.79 times as likely to develop lung cancer.

The head and neck cancer analysis included 1,055 head and neck cancer cases and 795 controls, all with a history of cigarette smoking. The study finds that, compared with people who smoked more than 60 minutes after waking, those who smoked 31 to 60 minutes after waking were 1.42 times as likely to develop head and neck cancer, and those who smoked within 30 minutes were 1.59 times as likely to develop head and neck cancer.

UPI - United Press International, Inc.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide.

Join the Discussion

Comment Policy: We encourage an open discussion with a wide range of viewpoints, even extreme ones, but we will not tolerate racism, profanity or slanderous comments toward the author(s) or comment participants. Make your case passionately, but civilly. Please don't stoop to name calling. We use filters for spam protection. If your comment does not appear, it is likely because it violates the above policy or contains links or language typical of spam. We reserve the right to remove comments at our discretion.