Expatriation: A Path To Personal Liberty

In 43 BC, warring consuls Antony, Lepidus and Octavian were duking it out with each other over control of Rome following Julius Caesar’s assassination the prior March. Each had legions at his disposal, and Rome’s terrified Senate sat on its hands waiting for the outcome. Ultimately, the three men chose to unite in what became known as the Second Triumvirate, representing the final nail in the coffin in Rome’s transition from republic to malignant autocracy.