Study: Plants Do Long Division To Stretch Food Supply Overnight

NORWICH, England (UPI) — To avoid starvation at night, plants do arithmetic — division to be exact — so their starch reserves last until dawn, British researchers say.

During the day plants feed themselves by using energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide into sugars and starch, then through the night must depend on their store of starch to prevent starvation.

Plants make precise adjustments to their rate of starch consumption to ensure the starch store lasts until dawn even if the size of the starch store varies from night to night, the researchers found.

To adjust that consumption so precisely they must be performing a mathematical calculation — arithmetic division, the researchers said.

“This is the first concrete example in a fundamental biological process of such a sophisticated arithmetic calculation,” said mathematical modeler Martin Howard from the John Innes Center of the Norwich BioSciences Institutes said.

Information about time comes from a plant’s internal clock, similar to our own body clock, and the size of the starch store is divided by the length of time until dawn to set the correct rate of starch consumption, so that, by dawn, around 95 percent of starch is used up, the researchers said.

“The calculations are precise so that plants prevent starvation but also make the most efficient use of their food,” metabolic biologist Alison Smith said.

“If the starch store is used too fast, plants will starve and stop growing during the night. If the store is used too slowly, some of it will be wasted.”

“The capacity to perform arithmetic calculation is vital for plant growth and productivity,” she said.

Downside Of Cleaner Air Could Be Increase In Hurricanes

EXETER, England (UPI) — Reducing pollution in the atmosphere may have improved our health, a British researcher says, but it may also have led to an increase in hurricanes.

Nick Dunstone of the Met Office Hadley Centre in Exeter says a new analysis shows the incidence of storms falls when pollution rises and increases when pollution drops.

Pollution in the atmosphere can increase the brightness and lifetime of low-level marine clouds, Dunstone said, and adding this effect into climate models showed such clouds cooling the surface more than expected.

Cooling the north Atlantic reduces the energy available to create and sustain hurricanes, he said.

As a result, he said, changes in aerosol emissions appear to drive cyclical variations in north Atlantic tropical storms — more pollution, fewer storms; less pollution, more storms.

If existing pollution controls are made even stricter, they “could reduce aerosols so quickly that we have record numbers of tropical storms for the next decade or two,” Dunstone told NewScientist.com.

Getting Past ‘Nerd’ Image Could Bring More Women Into Computer Science

SEATTLE (UPI) — The computer nerd stereotype, although inaccurate, is still keeping women from pursuing a career in computer science, a study by U.S. researchers indicates.

Writing in the journal Sex Roles, Sapna Cheryan of the University of Washington and colleagues say the stereotype, when perpetuated by the media, has a chilling effect on women pursuing a qualification in computer science.

In a study, when 293 college students from two U.S. West Coast universities were asked to provide descriptions of computer science majors, both women and men offered an image of computer scientists as technology-oriented, intensely focused on computers, intelligent but socially unskilled.

Despite years of effort, the researchers said, it has proven difficult to recruit women into many fields that are perceived to be masculine and male-dominated, including computer science, but when the “nerd” image is downplayed in the print media, women express more interest in further education in computer science.

“Broadening the image of the people in the field using media representations may help to recruit more women into male-dominated fields such as computer science,” they wrote. “Moreover, the media may be a powerful transmitter of stereotypes, and prevent many women from entering these fields.”

Use Of Social Networks In Teen Suicide Prevention, Intervention Urged

COLUMBUS, Ohio (UPI) — Mobile technology could help in teen suicide prevention and intervention as adolescents often reach out on social media when depressed, U.S. researchers say.

Researchers at Ohio State University say a survey of young adults found text messages were the second-most common way they sought help when they felt depressed; talking to a friend or family member ranked first.

The findings suggest suicide prevention and intervention efforts geared at teens and young adults should employ social networking and other types of mobile technology, they said.

“Obviously this is a place where adolescents are expressing their feelings,” lead study author Scottye Cash, a professor of social work, said.

“It leads me to believe that we need to think about using social media as an intervention and as a way to connect with people,” she said in a university release Monday.

Cash said the research was sparked in part by media reports of teenagers using social media to express suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

“We wanted to know: Is that accurate, or are these isolated incidents?

“We found that in a short period of time, there were dozens of examples of teens with suicidal thoughts using MySpace to talk to their friends,” she said.

“We need to find new ways to connect with them and help them with whatever they’re struggling with, or, in other words, meet them where they are in ways that make sense to them,” Cash said.

Archaeologists Hope To Uncover Ancient Northern China Capital City

CAIJIAFEN, China (UPI) — Archaeologists in China say an excavation project in the country’s northern Hebei Province could uncover an ancient capital dating back more than 3,000 years.

The 3-month excavation, approved by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in April, is taking place in the village of Caijiafen, China’s state-run Xinhua news agency reported Sunday.

Archaeologists and historians said they believe the area to be excavated will reveal the capital of the Guzhu state of the Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C. to 1046 B.C.)

The excavation is expected to yield information about the history and culture of the ancient state, Xie Fei, an expert from the Hebei Provincial Cultural Heritage Bureau, said.

The project will involve about 30 archaeologists from Renmin University and the Hebei Provincial Cultural Heritage Bureau, Xinhua reported.

‘Tiger Parenting’ Linked To Depression, Poor Social Skills

BERKELEY, Calif. (UPI) — Children raised by authoritarian parents — described in the book “Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother” — are showing poorer mental health, U.S. researchers say.

“Children raised by authoritarian parents are showing maladaptive outcomes, such as depression, anxiety and poor social skills,” Qing Zhou, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, said in a statement.

Long before Amy Chua’s 2011 memoir raised the bar for tough-love parenting, UC Berkeley developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind coined the terms, “authoritarian,” “permissive” and “authoritative” parenting in the 1960s. These constructs are still widely used in social science:

— Authoritarian parenting: rigid, punitive, verbal hostility, possible corporal punishment.

— Permissive parenting: indulgent, few or inconsistent rules, use of bribery to motivate, love and nurturing more consistent with friendship than guardianship.

— Authoritative parenting: Warm, supportive, sets boundaries, uses reasoning and encourages a child’s democratic participation.

Zhou said research showed authoritarian parenting, which can include tough academic pressure, can lead to poor mental health outcomes for children and teenagers, such as depression, anxiety and poor social skills.

Most recently, Zhou’s research team ran an 11-week parenting class at UC Berkeley and San Francisco State University for divorced Asian-American mothers, many of whom are Chinese immigrants raised in the authoritarian tradition.

“When they first came to the workshops, a lot of them would say, ‘Why should I praise my child for doing something they are supposed to do?’ But we encouraged them to try and they saw positive changes in their relationships,” Zhou said.

The Hidden Cost Of Terrorism: U.S. Smoking

NEW YORK (UPI) — After the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks, a million former U.S. smokers took up the habit again and kept puffing for at least two years, a researcher says.

Dr. Michael F. Pesko, an instructor in Weill Cornell Medical College’s Department of Public Health in New York, said an examination of data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and found 950,000 to 1.3 million adult former smokers resumed smoking, representing a 2.3 percent increase nationwide.

There was no increase in the months and years following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, the study found.

“This study provides the first unbiased estimate of the effect of stress on smoking, and the finding that there was such a big increase in smoking nationwide, seemingly due to one event, is extraordinary, and surprising,” Pesko, the study author, said in a statement. “It sheds light on a hidden cost of terrorism.”

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System tracked annual rates of risky personal behavior across the nation after the Sept.11, 2001, attacks and the Oklahoma City bombing.

Health departments in every state conduct monthly phone surveys of residents, asking about seat belt use, smoking and drinking habits, the last time they visited a doctor or dentist, etc., Pesko said. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta combines the data and releases an annual, nationally representative report. Since the same questions are asked yearly, responses can be compared over time, Pesko said.

Pesko compared 1.6 million responses to the nationally representative questionnaire, and extrapolated that from the fourth quarter of 2001 through 2003, when the study ended.

The study was published in the journal Contemporary Economic Policy.

Aging/Disease May Be Stemmed By Better Sleep

BOSTON (UPI) — A gene previously shown to protect against diseases of aging, plays a key role in controlling circadian rhythms, or sleep cycles, U.S. researchers say.

Senior author Leonard Guarente of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said human sleeping/waking patterns are largely governed by an internal circadian clock that corresponds closely with the 24-hour cycle of light and darkness.

Studies in animals found, when these rhythm gets thrown off, health problems including obesity and metabolic disorders such as diabetes can arise, Guarente said.

The researchers found circadian function decays with aging in normal mice, and that boosting their SIRT1 levels in the brain could prevent this decay. Conversely, loss of SIRT1 function impairs circadian control in young mice, mimicking what happens in normal aging.

Since the SIRT1 protein itself was found to decline with aging in the normal mice, the findings suggest drugs that enhance SIRT1 activity in humans could have widespread health benefits, Guarente said.

“If we could keep SIRT1 as active as possible as we get older, then we’d be able to retard aging in the central clock in the brain, and health benefits would radiate from that,” Guarente said in a statement.

The findings were published in the journal Cell.

Nursing Home Patient’s Own Physician Plus Pharmacist Ups Care

INDIANAPOLIS (UPI) — A team involving nursing home patient’s own physician plus a pharmacist can substantially improve the quality of nursing home care, U.S. researchers say.

“Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services — part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services — mandates an interdisciplinary approach to nursing home care, so all U.S. nursing homes have teams, but the composition and activity of these teams vary,” Dr. Arif Nazir of Indiana University Center for Aging Research center scientist and the IU School of Medicine said in a statement.

“We found that having the doctor who actually cares for the nursing home patient involved on the care team has a positive impact on patient outcome, as did including a pharmacist on the team.”

Interdisciplinary teams that took this approach had a higher success rates in decreasing falls, improving behavioral issues and prescribing less anti-psychotic medications, Nazir said.

“When considering a nursing home placement for a loved one, Nazir suggests family members ask facilities specifics about the care team. He suggests asking, “How regularly is a resident’s own physician involved?” and “Does a pharmacist routinely attend care planning meetings?”

The study is scheduled to be published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Lawsuit Alleges Girl’s Type 2 Diabetes Linked To Corn Syrup

BUFFALO, N.Y. (UPI) — A lawsuit by a Buffalo, N.Y.-area girl alleges her diabetes is linked to high fructose corn syrup and seeks $5 million in damages, court papers say.

J. Michael Hayes, a lawyer for the family of the 14-year-old girl from the Buffalo suburb of Amherst — diagnosed with type 2 diabetes when she was 12 — said the family is suing six manufacturers of high fructose corn syrup in U.S. District Court in Buffalo.

The lawsuit said the girl was never warned about the risks of high fructose corn syrup — a common ingredient in many foods.

“They know this stuff has adverse consequences, and if there’s harm associated with it, you should get a warning,” Hayes told the Buffalo (N.Y.) News. He said “solid science” supports the lawsuit’s claim of a link to diabetes.

However, the Corn Refiners Association, the trade association representing corn syrup makers, said it would fight the allegations and described the lawsuit as filled with “false and unsubstantiated claims,” the lawsuit said.

Named in the lawsuit were Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., Cargill Inc., Ingredion Inc., Penford Products Co., Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas and Roquette America Inc.

“The plaintiff is seeking to profit by making claims that are contradicted by solid, credible research,” John Bode, president of the Corn Refiners Association, told the News in a statement. “This lawsuit will confuse consumers and mislead them about how to make the right choices for a healthy diet.”

Twinkies To Return To Stores Mid-July

GREENWICH, Conn. (UPI) — Twinkies, a U.S. snack icon yanked from the shelves by a bankruptcy filing last year, are to make their return to stores July 15, the brand’s new owner said.

Metropoulos & Co. and Apollo Global Management bought the Hostess snack portfolio for $410 million after the company filed for bankruptcy, saying it would not survive a strike by its bakers.

Twinkies had been on store shelves and in vending machines for more than 80 years when Hostess went under.

The Christian Science Monitor reported Monday the new Twinkies box will include self-proclaimed bragging rights to “The Sweetest Comeback in the History of Ever.”

Twinkies, cream-filled spongecake, made its debut in the 1930. The creator, James Dewar, said he ate at least three a day for 50 years.

Neiman Marcus Files To Return To Public Life

NEW YORK (UPI) — U.S. luxury department store Neiman Marcus said Monday in a filing that it would return to life as a public corporation.

The company was taken private by investment firms TPG Capital and Warburg Pincus eight years ago.

In its last fiscal year, the company took in $4.3 billion in revenue and earned $140.1 million, a level it has not reached since before the December 2007 through June-2009 recession,  The New York Times reported Monday.

The company’s initial filing was short on details, the Times said. It did not name an initial price range or what stock exchange would carry the retailer.

It also did not say how many shares would be offered, the Times said.

Investment groups often issue new shares and sell a portion of their own, while keeping enough shares to maintain control of the company’s board.

Two Michigan McDonald’s Take Halal Foods Off The Menu

DETROIT (UPI) — The two U.S. McDonald’s restaurants that sold halal foods, both of them in Michigan, have taken those items off their menus, the company said.

The Detroit Free Press reported Monday only two U.S. McDonald’s outlets offered halal foods, which is food prepared according to Muslim religious standards, including having a prayer said while an animal is being cut.

In 2011, a customer from Dearborn Heights, Ahmed Ahmed sued McDonald’s for selling non-halal food as halal food. In some cases, employees could not tell the difference and sold non-halal items as halal, the newspaper said.

McDonald’s lost the case and was ordered in April to pay $700,000 in damages, $25,000 of which went to Ahmed and the rest to two Muslim community groups and to attorney fees.

The settlement did not say McDonald’s had to stop selling halal foods. However, one of the restaurants now bears signs on their menus in Arabic and English that say the halal offerings have been stopped.

“These items have been discontinued as a result of our continued efforts to focus on our national core menu,” a company spokesman said.

In 2000, about 65 percent of Chicken McNugget sales at the Michigan Avenue McDonald’s outlet in Detroit were halal.

The attorney who filed the case against McDonald’s, Kassem Dakhlallah, said it was “disappointing” the restaurant had stopped selling halal foods.

However, he said if the products sold as halal could not be guaranteed to be halal, “then ceasing to offer of halal products was probably the best decision.”

Chicagoland Mayor Ditches Bloomberg Gun Grabbers; Rangle Wrangles The GOP; Snowden Pardon Petition Hits Target; Jim Carrey’s Krazy Gun Control Tweets — Personal Liberty Digest™ P.M. Edition 6-24-2013

Brush up on the day’s headlines with Personal Liberty’s P.M. Edition news links.

 

Chicagoland Mayor Ditches Bloomberg’s Gun Control; Embraces Concealed Carry

A Chicagoland mayor is embracing concealed carry in a very personal way, revealing he’s parting ways with Mayors Against Illegal Guns after learning the group’s agenda goes far beyond its implied purpose of taking guns out of criminals’ hands. Read More… 

 

Dem Lawmaker: GOP Can Save Itself By Being More Democrat

Representative Charlie Rangel (D-N.Y.) has set about on an odd mission: saving the Republican Party by urging members of the GOP to support Democrat legislative proposals. Wait, what? Read More… 

 

White House Website Petition To Pardon Edward Snowden Surpasses Threshold For Presidential Response

A petition begun June 9 at President Barack Obama’s “We The People” White House petition website calling for the pardon of Edward Snowden has crossed the 100,000-signature threshold needed in order to elicit an official response. But in Snowden’s case, the Administration wouldn’t be breaking precedent if it’s met with silence. Read More…

 

Jim Carrey Shoots Off His Mouth About Gun Violence

Comedian Jim Carrey caused a firestorm in March when he released the anti-gun video “Cold Dead Hand.” Now, the loudmouthed actor is once again making headlines for spouting off about gun violence. Read More… 

Dem Lawmaker: GOP Can Save Itself By Being More Democrat

Representative Charlie Rangel (D-N.Y.) has set about on an odd mission: saving the Republican Party by urging members of the GOP to support Democrat legislative proposals.

Wait, what?

Rangel argued on FOX News over the weekend that if conservatives didn’t support an amnesty-laden immigration effort, the Republican Party would likely dissolve in coming years.

[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CuvUMY8ry38&w=560&h=315]
 

“I would hate for them to see themselves just go out of business and we don’t have this competitive form of ideas in our great country,” he said. “It’s the right thing for the country, and it certainly is a right thing to make certain we have two parties competing against each other.”

Rangel said that conservatives have pushed back against amnesty for mostly racist reasons.

“There are many people from States that are not very friendly to new Americans, or the possibility that we have new Americans,” Rangel surmised during the interview.

While Rangel’s remarks seem bizarre at least, he is echoing an opinion made recently by fellow Democrat Bob Menendez of New Jersey. Menendez also believes the GOP is endangering its future by not catering to Hispanics.

Of course, why wouldn’t Democrats want a whole GOP made up of RINOs like Senator John McCain of Arizona, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and upcoming Democrat-in-training Marco Rubio of Florida. Many conservatives, however, would likely argue that eliminating lawmakers like the aforementioned would strengthen the GOP and reinvigorate its truly conservative base.

White House Website Petition To Pardon Edward Snowden Surpasses Threshold For Presidential Response

A petition begun June 9 at President Barack Obama’s “We The People” White House petition website calling for the pardon of Edward Snowden has crossed the 100,000-signature threshold needed in order to elicit an official response.

As of Monday afternoon, the petition had exceeded 113,000 signatures. It calls Snowden a “national hero” and commends him for shining a light on the National Security Agency’s (NSA) furtive spying programs he observed as a former contractor:

WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO:

Pardon Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden is a national hero and should be immediately issued a full, free, and absolute pardon for any crimes he has committed or may have committed related to blowing the whistle on secret NSA surveillance programs.

We The People has been active since Obama launched the site in 2011 as a high-profile effort to demonstrate his Administration’s commitment to transparency and accessibility. But scandals involving the National Security Agency, The Associates Press and the Internal Revenue Service have damaged whatever goodwill the President may have created with the American public in his bid to appear trustworthy. And in order to open or sign a petition, users must create an account at whitehouse.gov that links them to the site.

In Snowden’s case, the Administration wouldn’t be breaking precedent if there’s no response, despite the petition for his pardon meeting requirements Obama himself help put in place. Successful petitions for the President to intervene amid ongoing investigations of other criminal suspects like Chris Williams, who allegedly violated the law by growing medical marijuana, have been met with silence.

Jim Carrey Shoots Off His Mouth About Gun Violence

Comedian Jim Carrey caused a firestorm in March when he released the anti-gun video “Cold Dead Hand.” Now, the loudmouthed actor is once again making headlines for spouting off about gun violence.

Referencing the massacre in Newtown, Conn., Carrey took to Twitter to condemn the upcoming film “Kick-Ass 2,” in which he plays a vigilante named Colonel Stars and Stripes:

Comic book writer Mark Millar, who created the characters upon which the “Kick-Ass” films were based, responded to Carrey on his blog:

As you may know, Jim is a passionate advocate of gun-control and I respect both his politics and his opinion, but I’m baffled by this sudden announcement as nothing seen in this picture wasn’t in the screenplay eighteen months ago. Yes, the body-count is very high, but a movie called Kick-Ass 2 really has to do what it says on the tin. A sequel to the picture that gave us HIT-GIRL was always going to have some blood on the floor and this should have been no shock to a guy who enjoyed the first movie so much.

Ironically, Jim’s character in Kick-Ass 2 is a Born-Again Christian and the big deal we made of the fact that he refuses to fire a gun is something he told us attracted him to the role in the first place.

“Kick-Ass 2” opens Aug. 16. Here’s the trailer:
 
[vimeo 63738718 w=500 h=281]

KICK ASS 2 (2013) – Red Band Trailer [HD] from Radio Metropolis on Vimeo.

Chicagoland Mayor Ditches Bloomberg’s Gun Control; Embraces Concealed Carry

A Chicagoland mayor is embracing concealed carry in a very personal way, revealing he’s parting ways with an influential gun-control group after learning the group’s agenda goes far beyond its implied purpose of taking guns out of criminals’ hands.

Larry Morrissey, mayor of Rockford, Ill., a Chicago suburb, announced at a town hall forum Saturday he had dropped out of Mayors For Illegal Guns, the gun-control group begun by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, after realizing the group is more interested in infringing on Americans’ 2nd Amendment rights than in making sure that criminals don’t “illegally” get their hands on firearms.

“The reason why I joined the group in the first place was because I took the name for what it said – ‘against illegal guns,’” Morrissey said. “As the original mission swayed, that’s when I decided it was no longer in line with my beliefs.”

Morrissey, who won election in 2005 as a political independent, said he’s received death threats since taking office, and had so far availed himself of extra protection offered by the Rockford Police Department in order to keep himself and his family safe.

But he believes citizens should have the power to keep themselves safe, regardless of whether they have the luxury of a police detail. He told the a crowd of more than 200 that he intends to apply for an Illinois conceal carry permit — an announcement that garnered him a roar of applause.

“Any doubt that I might have had in my opinions about concealed carry when I first came into office changed quickly as I became an elected official and became very familiar with the types of crimes we’re dealing with,” he said. “The focus should not be against law-abiding citizens… I don’t want to put my family’s life at risk or my own life at risk if I can otherwise protect myself.”

H/T: Rockford Register Star 

Couple Receive Summons Over Bird Feeder

RAMSEY, N.J.,  (UPI) —  A 77-year-old New Jersey man whose hanging bird feeder caused his wife to receive a summons said feeding birds is one of his few remaining pleasures in life.

Alfred Rockefeller, 77, said he and his wife, Annette, 66, put up the hanging bird feeder last year after Ramsey borough officials told them they could not spread birdseed on the ground, The Record of Hackensack, N.J., reported Monday.

However, the couple said they received a summons bearing Annette’s name and dated May 2 ordering her to appear in court Tuesday on a charge of feeding wildlife, which can carry a charge of $250 to $500.

The borough contends complaints have been lodged by multiple neighbors about the feeder attracting deer, ducks, squirrels and other animals to the area. The couple said Leo Egan, the borough’s environmental health specialist, told them the wire wreath-style feeder contains peanuts, which are not appropriate for birds.

“He stated emphatically that birds do not eat peanuts,” Alfred Rockefeller said of Egan.

“I feel like we’re getting picked on over here,” Annette Rockefeller said. “To me it’s like, what’s going to be next? I’m going to be walking around my yard in shorts and be told I’m ugly and bringing down property values.”

Egan said the bird feeder was causing numerous complaints.

“There were a lot of animals … being attracted,” Egan said. “The animals don’t recognize the yard line between one house and another. There was spillover, and other neighbors had damage to their gardens from the animals. They were putting in expensive plantings and getting them decimated.”

Beagle-Boxer-Basset Mix Waddles Away With ‘Ugliest Dog’ Prize

PETALUMA, Calif., (UPI) —  Walle, a mix of beagle, basset hound and boxer who walks with a waddle, walked away with the World’s Ugliest Dog title this year in Petaluma, Calif.

The ungainly mutt beat out 29 other dogs for the title Friday, The World’s Ugliest Dog Contest said in a release announcing the results.

The runner-up was a Chinese Crested, a small breed with facial hair that has dominated the competition for some time.

“This dog looked like he’s been photo shopped with pieces from various dogs and maybe a few other animals,” Brian Sobel, one of the judges, said of the winner.

Tammi Barbee, who adopted Walle when he was 3 months old, said she gets a lot of comments when she takes him out in public.

“People come up to me and say that dog is not right, but I love him,” she said.

The contest was held at the Sonoma-Petaluma Fair in California’s Marin County.

Walle won $1,500 plus appearances on NBC’s “Today” show and ABC’s “Jimmy Kimmel Live.”

Sisters Sue Dad Over College Tuition

NEW YORK, (UPI) —  Four women filed a lawsuit in New York against their father, claiming he backed out on a promise to pay for his youngest daughter’s college tuition.

Nora, Magdalena, Ina and Lola Kelleher filed the lawsuit against their father, Daniel Kelleher, a child psychologist based in Connecticut, in the Manhattan Supreme Court, the New York Post reported Saturday.

The lawsuit alleges Daniel Kelleher agreed to give his daughters his Paris apartment and half of a checking account he shared with their mother, Sylvie Furstenberg, his ex-wife. The apartment generates rental income of about $2,600 a month.

Nora, Magdalena and Ina further agreed to give their portions of the income from the Paris apartment to pay for half of Lola’s tuition at Oberlin College. The other half of Lola’s tuition was supposed to be paid for by their father, the lawsuit alleges.

The parties involved signed documents on the agreement in June 2012.

Daniel Kelleher “breached his contract with [his daughters] by failing and refusing to perform in good faith his obligation to transfer the monthly rental income less any maintenance charges from the Paris apartment for the months of July and August 2012 to his four daughters,” the lawsuit alleges.

The sisters are seeking $5,300 in tuition, the suit said.

Neither Daniel Kelleher nor Sylvie Furstenberg has commented on the case publicly, the newspaper said..