BARCELONA, Spain, July 30 (UPI) — Substances in grapes can reduce the amount of cell damage caused in skin exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, researchers in Spain say.
Marta Cascante, a biochemist at the University of Barcelona, and colleagues at the Spanish National Research Council say UV rays act on the skin by activating “reactive oxygen species,” and these compounds in turn oxidize macromolecules such as lipids and DNA, stimulating certain reactions and enzymes — JNK and p38MAPK — that cause cell death.
The researchers showed some polyphenolic substances extracted from grapes, flavonoids, can reduce the formation of reactive oxygen species in human epidermis cells that have been exposed to long-wave ultraviolet A and medium-wave ultraviolet B radiation.
“These polyphenolic fractions inhibit the generation of the reactive oxygen species and, as a result, the subsequent activation of the JNK and p38 enzymes, meaning they have a protective effect against ultraviolet radiation emitted by the sun,” Cascante says in a statement.
The study is published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
BATH, England, July 29 (UPI) — Motorcycle helmets may protect bikers’ brains but they also may contribute to hearing loss, researchers in Britain say.
Researchers at the University of Bath and Bath Spa University in England say the distinctive roar of a Harley’s engine is loud, but studies have revealed the biggest source of noise for motorcyclists is actually generated by air whooshing over the riders’ helmets. Even at legal speeds, the sound can exceed safe levels, the researchers say.
The researchers placed motorcycles helmets atop mannequin heads, mounted them in a wind tunnel and turned on the fans. By placing microphones at various locations around the helmet and at the mannequin’s ear, the researchers found that an area underneath the helmet and near the chin bar is a significant source of the noise that reaches riders’ sensitive eardrums.
The team also investigated how helmet angle and wind speed affected the loudness.
The study, Aeroacoustic Sources of Motorcycle Helmet Noise, is accepted for publication in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
WASHINGTON, July 29 (UPI) — Three-quarters of U.S. adults who work at least 15 hours per week care for an aging parent, most of whom are 75 or older, a Gallup poll indicates.
U.S. adults who self-identified as caregivers in Gallup Daily tracking surveys throughout 2010 were re-contacted, and 2,805 were interviewed for a Pfizer-ReACT/Gallup poll specifically about caregiving.
Most of the caregivers’ time is spent on errands and general day-to-day tasks such as shopping, doing laundry and providing transportation. Caregivers spend an average of 13 days per month handling these types of tasks, the survey found.
Caregivers spend about six days per month performing personal tasks such as helping the person they are caring for eat, get dressed and go to the bathroom. In addition, caregivers spend about 13 hours per month on administrative-type tasks such as researching care services or disease-related needs, coordinating physician visits and managing financial matters.
On a typical day spent giving care, caregivers report devoting an average of 5 hours providing companionship or supervision.
Fifty-five percent of caregivers say they have been providing care for three years or more, the poll says.
Previous Gallup studies indicates working caregivers suffer emotionally and physically.
The poll, conducted Dec. 28, 2010, to Jan. 9, 2011, has a margin of error of 2 percentage points.
IRVINE, Calif., July 29 (UPI) — Doctor-diagnosed illness climbed by 18 percent in a nationally representative sample of adults In the three years following Sept. 11, 2001, researchers say.
E. Alison Holman, an assistant professor of nursing science and a health psychologist at University of California, Irvine, says the increase was highest among those with pre-existing health conditions, but people who were healthy before Sept. 11, 2001, also experienced an increase in physician-diagnosed ailments.
“We cannot underestimate the impact of collective stress on health,” Holman says in a statement. “People who work in health professions need to recognize symptoms related to stress and need to consider the potential effect of indirect exposure to extreme stress.”
Study co-authors Holman and Roxane Cohen Silver, a UCI professor, say the study involves almost 2,000 adults who completed Internet surveys in the days, months and years after Sept. 11, 2001, who disclosed whether a physician had diagnosed them with any of 35 illnesses and the number of times they had seen a doctor in the past year.
Sixty-three percent had viewed the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks live on TV, and 4.5 percent had been directly exposed to them, the researchers say.
“Those who watched the attacks live on TV — as opposed to those who learned about them only after they happened — experienced a 28 percent rise in physical ailments over the following three years,” Holman says.
The study, published in the journal Social Science & Medicine, finds the percentage of the sample with at least one physician-diagnosed disorder over that period climbed from 79.2 percent to 89.5 percent.
COLLEGE PARK, Md., July 29 (UPI) — U.S. researchers say a new, affordable early warning system for the nation’s aging bridges might avert bridge collapses that could result in loss of life.
A University of Maryland engineer says his inexpensive, wireless system could prevent the kind of bridge collapse that killed 13 people and injured 145 on a Minneapolis interstate bridge on Aug. 1, 2007, and do so at 1 percent of the cost of current wired systems.
“Potentially hundreds of lives could be saved,” Mehdi Kalantari says. “One of every four U.S. highway bridges has known structural problems or exceeded its intended life-span. Most only get inspected once every one or two years. That’s a bad mix.”
Kalantari has developed tiny wireless sensors that monitor and transmit minute-by-minute data on a bridge’s structural integrity that can be analyzed by a central computer to warn officials instantly of possible trouble, a UM release said Friday.
The sensors measure a number of indicators of a bridge’s structural health — including strain, vibration, flexibility and development of metal cracks.
“This new approach makes preventive maintenance affordable — even at a time when budgets are tight,” Kalantari says. “Officials will be able to catch problems early and will have weeks or month to fix a problem.”
HUNTSVILLE, Ala., July 29 (UPI) — Satellite data suggest climate models are overestimating the warming of Earth’s atmosphere by not taking into account some phenomena, U.S. scientists say.
Researchers at the University of Alabama Huntsville say data from NASA’s Terra satellite show that when the climate warms, Earth’s atmosphere is apparently more efficient at releasing energy into space than current climate models have been programmed to consider, a university release reported Friday.
Resulting climate forecasts predict substantially faster warming than is actually occurring, Roy Spencer of the university’s Earth System Science Center says.
“The satellite observations suggest there is much more energy lost to space during and after warming than the climate models show,” Spencer said. “There is a huge discrepancy between the data and the forecasts that is especially big over the oceans.”
Not only does the atmosphere release more energy than previously thought, it starts releasing it earlier in a warming cycle, in contrast to models that forecast the climate should continue to absorb solar energy until a warming event peaks.
“At the peak, satellites show energy being lost while climate models show energy still being gained,” Spencer said.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., July 29 (UPI) — U.S. researchers propose a new approach for treating depression by teaching patients to increase their positive thinking and positive behaviors.
Kristin Layous and Joseph Chancellor, graduate students at University of California, Riverside; Sonja Lyubomirsky, professor of psychology and director of the Positive Psychology Laboratory at UC Riverside; and Dr. Lihong Wang and P. Murali Doraiswamy of Duke University conducted a review of previous studies of Positive Activity Interventions.
Positive Activity Interventions are intentional activities such as performing acts of kindness, practicing optimism and counting one’s blessings taken from decades of research into how happy and unhappy people are different, the researchers say.
“Over the last several decades, social psychology studies of flourishing individuals who are happy, optimistic and grateful have produced a lot of new information about the benefits of positive activity interventions on mood and well-being,” Lyubomirsky says in a statement.
“However, few psychiatrists collaborate with social scientists and no one in my field ever reads the journals where most happiness studies have been published,” Doraiswamy says.
“It was eye-opening for me as a psychopharmacologist to read this literature,” Doraiswamy says.
This approach may help the some 60 percent of depressed individuals who don’t respond to pharmacotherapy, are not able or willing to obtain treatment, is less expensive to administer, is relatively less time-consuming and promises to yield rapid improvement of mood symptoms, holds little to no stigma and carries no side effects, the study says.
The findings are published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.
DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania, July 29 (UPI) — Gold mining in Tanzania and other East African sites is making headway with work in progress on prospecting and resource development at eight sites.
Impetus for the work is coming partly from a buoyant gold market. Gold prices ended the week the way it began, hitting a record price Friday in New York as equities retreated with news of a slowing economic recovery.
Gold set records Monday and Tuesday and added $12.70 to $1,628.90 per troy ounce Friday on the Comex division of the New York Mercantile Exchange.
Canada’s Lake Victoria Mining Co., Inc. said its teams were busy on eight gold projects and further exploration in Tanzania.
“The company is continuing with its solid strategic approach in the development of its eight gold projects with the goal of discovering a commercially feasible gold resource in Tanzania,” Lake Victoria Mining Co. said.
Tanzania is Africa’s third largest gold producer, after South Africa and Ghana, and also has reserves of uranium, nickel and coal. Gold exports earned the East African country $1.076 billion in 2009, up from $932.4 million the previous year.
Lake Victoria Mining recently ended its joint ventures with Otterburn Ventures of Vancouver, British Columbia, affecting four of the gold mining exploration projects at Singida, Geita, Kalemela and North Mara. Lake Victoria Mining retains 100 percent of its rights to all four of the projects.
The partnership ended upon disappointing results received at Singida, one of the poorest regions in Tanzania, where gold prospecting has raised hopes of an economic turnaround.
Lake Victoria Mining said its expert research had determined there may be scope for small-scale commercial gold mining at Singida, currently the site of two drilling projects.
The end of the rainy season in northwestern Tanzania would allow the mine prospecting crews to resume exploration at the Uyowa gold project, which produced encouraging results in earlier research in 2003.
Other work is continuing at the Musoma Bunda project, at Suguti and Murangi.
Lake Victoria Mining Co. President and Chief Executive Officer David Kalenuik said: “We have eight gold projects in Tanzania. Although we have focused our primary attention on the Singida gold project over the past two years, all of our project areas are prospective for gold and we have been steadily advancing a number of these along behind the scenes.”
Based on the results to date, he said, the company plans to soon decide what to do with Singida, where to go ahead with developing the mine despite its low gold yield or try a joint venture or sell it.
Elsewhere in the exploration area, he said, “we are very excited about the potential that each of them could result in over the next few months.”
He said the company was “fully committed to discovering a major gold resource out of our portfolio.”
ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, July 29 (UPI) — The military remains one of the most trusted Pakistani institutions although its reputation dipped after the death of Osama bin Laden, a poll indicated Friday.
A Gallup poll taken May 9-12 found 78 percent of Pakistanis have confidence in the military. That was down from 86 percent in an earlier poll, mostly conducted before a raid by U.S. Navy SEALs assassinated bin Laden May 2.
The military is trusted in most countries, including the United States, Gallup said. Pakistan had a military government for almost a decade, ending in 2008.
“In Pakistan’s case, this high confidence likely reflects the military’s strong, ongoing presence in civil society and reinforces how relatively weak the civilian government and institutions still are,” Gallup said in its analysis of the poll results.
The Abu Dhabi Gallup Center also questioned Pakistanis about their trust in the national government in the May poll. Less than one-third of respondents, 31 percent, said they had confidence in the government, an insignificant uptick from 28 percent in the earlier poll.
Gallup conducted face-to-face interviews with about 1,000 adults between April 25 and May 14. A second poll of 1,000 adults was done May 9-12. The margin of error for both was 4 percentage points.
MADISON, Wis., July 29 (UPI) — Herds of sheep and goats devouring invasive brush will help restore the native prairie at a Wisconsin site of a former army ammunition plant, officials said.
Officials of a commission overseeing the transition of the former Badger Army Ammunition Plant to local control for eventual recreational use are considering how to restore prairie, a goal of the commission’s land reuse plan, the (Madison) Wisconsin State Journal reported Friday.
One of the groups responsible for land management at Badger has proposed using goats and sheep to remove the existing brush and control invasive vegetation in the future.
“There are people that actually have businesses throughout the United States and use sheep and goats in vegetation management as a consulting service,” Cherrie Nolden of the Sauk Prairie Conservation Alliance said.
The oversight commission approved Nolden’s concept plan for an eventual two-year study on the use of animals to control vegetation.
“Badger has a huge invasive species problem, and she probably put one and one together to make two,” commission Chairman Bill Wenzel Jr. said of Nolden. “It seems like a pretty good fit. It’s a go as far as we’re concerned.”
Nolden, who studied wildlife biology and ecological systems at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, say animals are vital to prairie health.
“Our prairies evolved with large herds of bison, elk, deer and since we reduced those populations the prairies have declined,” Nolden said. “The prairie needs disturbance to remain a prairie or they’re going to be invaded by brush or trees.”
LAGUNA WOODS, Calif., July 29 (UPI) — A Southern California community has voted to allow professionals to shoot wild coyotes following an attack that injured a resident and left her dog dead.
The Laguna Woods City Council voted Thursday to authorize the city manager and police chief to issue permits to licensed exterminators, veterinarians or other animal-control professionals that will allow them to shoot coyotes, the Los Angeles Times reported.
The vote came amid an increase in coyote attacks in recent month against cats and dogs.
Karen Sherif, 64, was walking her Yorkshire terrier Tuesday when a coyote snatched the dog and ran off, dragging Sherif, who was holding the dog’s leash, into the street.
She suffered cuts and bruises, officials said, and her dog was later found dead.
Under the scheme approved by the City Council, the hours and locations that shooting coyotes is allowed as well as the type of guns that can be used will be limited, City Manager Leslie Keane said.
Before the council vote only police officers could discharge a gun within city limits and then only in the line of duty, the Times reported.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., July 29 (UPI) — A German shepherd puppy died this week after being shot with a crossbow in Southern California.
A security guard found the dog Wednesday on the campus of La Sierra University in Riverside, the Los Angeles Times reported. Investigators are unsure if the dog was hurt elsewhere and dragged itself to the campus or if it was shot there.
The puppy, which had no identification and appeared to be about 6 months old, had an arrow piercing its side.
Veterinarians at the Western Riverside County/City Animal Shelter tried to treat the puppy, giving it antibiotics and pain medication. They decided the only humane course was euthanasia.
“He was bleeding from his nose, and he was having difficulty breathing,” Eileen Sanders, a veterinary technician and spokeswoman, said. “His right-side lung was either filled with blood or had collapsed.”
The ASK Foundation, an animal advocacy group that works with the shelter, has offered a $500 reward for information leading to the shooter.
“We’re a big organization. We come across some heinous things,” Riverside County Animal Services spokesman John Welsh said Thursday. “But this is one of the ones that really make you shake your head. It’s malicious and disgusting.”
NEW DELHI, July 29 (UPI) — India’s highest court is considering an appeal by Mohammed Ajmal Kasab, sentenced to death for the Mumbai terrorist attack, a spokesman said Friday.
Pukhraj R. Bora, the Supreme Court registrar, said Kasab’s appeal of his sentence was forwarded to the court from the jail in Mumbai, CNN reported. Kasab, a Pakistani, was convicted last year of murder, conspiracy and making war against India.
The attack in November 2008 killed 160 people in India’s financial center, the city formerly known as Bombay. Kasab was the only survivor of the 10 men who landed in small boats and terrorized the city for three days, targeting luxury hotels, a Jewish community center and a train station.
If Kasab’s appeal is rejected by the Supreme Court, he can appeal to the president.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 29 (UPI) — Rescuers have made four unsuccessful tries at capturing two young sea lions spotted off a San Francisco pier with wires around their necks.
Jim Oswald, a spokesman for the Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, Calif., said there has been a change in tactics, the San Francisco Chronicle reported Friday. The four attempts were made by boat, and the sea lions were scared into swimming off.
The rescue team now hopes to capture the sea lions while they are on a beach.
“Right now it’s a waiting game to see whether these two go someplace where it’s easier to catch them,” Oswald said.
One of the sea lions is almost full-grown while the other is very young. Scientists have not been able to determine if the wire has injured them yet.
Entanglement in wire, fishing nets and other man-made objects has become a hazard for marine mammals, turtles and birds. The animals can develop cuts and infections and can even be suffocated or strangled.
LOS ANGELES, July 29 (UPI) — When people making healthy eating choices look at food, their brains react differently from those of people succumbing to dietary temptation, a U.S. study says.
Neuroscientists studying human decision-making say when we think about future rewards such as health over shorter-term pleasures such as digging into that cheeseburger, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is typically acting in concert with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, the Los Angeles Times reported Thursday.
However, if we succumb to the temptation to go for unhealthy foods, researchers say, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex is involved but is acting without the more sober input from the lobe next door.
In a study of 33 hungry young adults not trying to lose weight who were offered a number of food choices while lying in a brain scanner, external “cues that direct attention to the health features of food” caused them to take health benefits more heavily into account, the study found.
Subjects asked to consider the healthfulness of a food before choosing were more likely to choose healthy foods, and their brain activity showed the patterns of long-term reward preference that researchers were looking for.
Public health campaigns using labeling schemes drawing attention to the healthy attributes of a grocery item and launching public service announcements about the benefits of healthy eating could make use of this “external cue” effect on our brain choices, researchers say.
WASHINGTON, July 29 (UPI) — Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez– battling cancer, succession speculation and tough economic times — is proving himself anything but down and out.
Despite earlier surgery to remove a tumor from his pelvic area and scheduled chemotherapy treatment in Cuba, Chavez sounded his old self this week as he and the country marked his 57th birthday.
“I’m like the phoenix, I’ve returned to life,” he said in a telephone call to state-run television.
“I’m halfway through my life, another 57 years are coming!” he added later and then danced a brief jig on a balcony at the presidential palace in Caracas for supporters below.
“Next year, we will win the presidential elections once again! Strength, unity!”
Chavez was first elected in 1999 and immediately began a series of populist reforms to transform the country into a socialist state. Foreign-owned oil interests have been nationalized, land-reform has been introduced and worker councils and cooperatives established.
Flamboyant in personality and speech, he — like his hero and friend, Fidel Castro — is fond of balconies, long speeches and railing against the Great Imperialist, the United States.
It was no surprise that when he vanished from public view early last month without explanation, anxiety ran through the ranks of supporters. When the public was told he was in Cuba and had had a cancerous growth removed from his pelvis, prayer vigils were convened and supporters as well as foes speculated on the future.
Could Chavez continue to govern? If not, who would replace him? Close aides and Cabinet ministers — Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro and Minister of Energy Rafael Ramirez — were mentioned amid rumors of a possible power struggle. So, too, was Chavez’s older brother, Adan, a provincial governor.
“Hey, Adan, you look well-shaven, dressed up,” Hugo Chavez joked in a television link up with his brother, news reports said. “I can see you’re preparing for the succession.”
Lest anyone forget who is in charge, Hugo Chavez since his return has announced the nomination of a minister of prisons, approval of $51 million in funding for a state government, funding for an organization that promotes socialism and the launch of a trash collection project.
He’s even found time to criticize a referee’s call in a Venezuela-Paraguay soccer match and throw a jibe at Washington.
“The empire is bankrupt and could drag half the world down with it,” he reportedly said of the U.S. debt crisis during a Cabinet meeting. “Fix your own problems first, decadent empire.”
Many the announcements have appeared on Chavezcandanga, the president’s Twitter account. It’s said up to 50 messages to supporters appear every week — not the greatest substitute for his penchant for pressing the flesh at public events but a clever way to show he is active.
And active he must remain with elections looming. Crime is a major concern in Venezuela. So is inflation — more than 30 percent — and lack of sufficient public housing. All are electoral Achilles’ heels for Chavez, whose support mainly comes from the working class and urban poor.
Chavez this week, in an announcement that could have been designed to promote the hope of future economic progress for the country, said the state owned oil company, PDVSA, was increasing oil production by 30,000 barrels a day in the Orinoco region of the country as a special birthday gift to him.
Oil is the backbone of the Venezuelan economy and key to solving its socio-economic problems.
WASHINGTON, July 29 (UPI) — The transcript of grand jury testimony former U.S. President Richard Nixon gave shortly after his resignation should be unsealed, a federal judge ruled Friday.
U.S. District Judge Royce C. Lamberth ordered the release of the transcript at the request of a historian and academic groups, The Washington Post reported. They filed a lawsuit arguing public interest in the history of the Watergate scandal outweighs interest in preserving the secrecy of grand jury proceedings almost 40 years old.
“The special circumstances presented here — namely, undisputed historical interest in the requested records — far outweigh the need to maintain the secrecy of the records,” Lamberth said. “The court is confident that disclosure will greatly benefit the public and its understanding of Watergate without compromising the tradition and objectives of grand jury secrecy.”
Nixon gave his testimony in 1975 in California. He resigned in 1974 under threat of impeachment, two years after burglars working for his 1972 re-election campaign were arrested in a break-in at the Democratic National Committee office in the Watergate.
NEW YORK, July 29 (UPI) — Many U.S. workers, especially men, indicate a vacation includes doing at least a little work, such as checking e-mails, researchers said.
The survey of 3,304 adults conducted by Harris Interactive found 54 percent of men and 37 percent of women indicated their vacation included doing a bit of work. Overall, 46 percent of those who indicated they would take a vacation this summer indicated they would also do at least a little work during their break.
Researchers said 47 percent of workers ages 35-44 indicated they would monitor e-mails while during vacation and 29 percent would check their work voicemail systems.
Other age groups also indicated they would work while taking a vacation, but not with as much frequency as the 35- to 44-year-old group.
Harris said “an unlucky but very small 1 percent” indicated they were so stuck they would work through their own vacations.
Harris said that group can “connect with the sentiment: ‘What’s a vacation?’ because they work as if they are not on vacation at all.”
All that is provided a worker takes a break this summer. The poll sponsored by Adweek and Harris Poll found 40 percent of U.S. adults indicated they were scheduling a vacation and 12 percent indicated they were not sure if they would take a break.
WACO, Texas, July 29 (UPI) — An AWOL soldier who converted to Islam was formally charged Friday with a bomb plot aimed at Fort Hood in Texas.
Naser Jason Abdo, 21, appeared in federal court in Waco, the Los Angeles Times reported. As he left the courtroom, Abdo, who had refused to stand during the hearing, called out “Nidal Hasan Fort Hood 2009,” referring to the Army psychiatrist, Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, who has been charged with killing 13 people on the base in 2009.
Abdo, who left Fort Campbell, Ky., without leave earlier this month, was arrested Wednesday in a motel room in Killeen, Texas, not far from Fort Hood’s main gate. Investigators said bomb-making materials were found in his room, and he allegedly planned to construct two bombs and use them in a restaurant patronized by soldiers stationed at Fort Hood.
Another item allegedly found in Abdo’s room was an al-Qaida publication titled “Make a bomb in the kitchen of your Mom.”
Investigators said he also made statements about his plans after his arrest.
NEW YORK, July 29 (UPI) — Donald Trump is being sued in New York by a firm that arranged a clothing licensing deal and says he cut off payments.
The real estate tycoon’s company hired ALM International in 2003 to make licensing deals, and ALM helped broker a deal with PVH (formerly Phillips-Van Heusen) to put his name on dress shirts and neckties, court papers state.
The plaintiff, now called ALM Unlimited, charges Trump improperly stopped paying in 2008 after years of personally signing its checks, for a total exceeding $300,000.
“Part of the art of the deal is to comply with the deal, to fulfill your responsibilities,” ALM attorney Jay Itkowitz told USA Today, quoting the title of a Trump book. “We argue that he hasn’t done that.”
“This lawsuit is without merit and is very insignificant,” Trump said this week, and his lawyer has moved to dismiss the case.
Testifying in a deposition, Trump said the payments were a mistake because he was unaware of them, and, “I don’t feel that these people did very much, if anything, with respect to this deal.”
Trump attorney George Ross, also under oath, said ALM was entitled to far less than it received, but Cathy Glosser, Trump’s executive vice president of global licensing, said Ross told her “to see to it that ALM got paid.”
WASHINGTON, July 29 (UPI) — Likely U.S. voters overwhelmingly support the death penalty for the Army psychiatrist accused of the Fort Hood massacre, a poll released Friday indicated.
Three-quarters of those responding to the IBOPE Zogby International poll said they believe Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan should be sentenced to death if he is convicted of killing 13 people and 62 percent said they strongly support the death penalty. Only 18 percent would oppose the death penalty and 6 percent were unsure.
Hasan is awaiting court martial for the 2009 shooting spree. While the death penalty is an option, the U.S. military has not put anyone to death since 1961.
The interactive poll surveyed 2,297 registered voters July 22-25. The margin of error is 2.1 percentage points.
BELFAST, Northern Ireland, July 29 (UPI) — A teen who died of injuries suffered in a fall while building the Titanic in 1910 will get a headstone at his unmarked Northern Ireland grave, officials said.
Samuel Scott, 15, believed to be the first person killed in connection with the ill-fated ship, will get the headstone Saturday at Belfast City Cemetery during the Feile an Phobail festival, the BBC reported.
His body had lain in an unmarked grave in the cemetery since 1910, when he suffered a fractured skull in a fall while working with a riveting team at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, the Belfast Telegraph reported.
The headstone unveiling comes after publication of a new book, “Spirit of the Titanic,” in which Samuel, the main character, is a ghost that haunts the ship during its voyage. The book also includes characters such as the Titanic’s captain, Edward Smith.
“It really seems to have hit home,” said author Nicola Pierce. “The kids really do seem to like it.”